In his Essay, John Locke sets out his theory of knowledge and how we acquire it. He shows how all our ideas are grounded in human experience and analyses the extent of our knowledge of ourselves and the world. This new abridgement uses P. H. Nidditch's authoritative text to make an accessible edition of Locke's masterpiece.
Features a revised and expanded translators' introduction and an updated translation, as well as the English versions of author's draft of a portion of the text and of his later critique of his own lectures.
Philosophy begins with questions about the nature of reality and how we should live. This book introduces the great thinkers in Western philosophy and explores their most compelling ideas about the world and how best to live in it. It takes us on a chronological tour of the major ideas in the history of philosophy.
* Feyerabend was one of the most important philosophers of science of the second half of the 20th century. His most famous book, Against Method, was an international bestseller that sold hundreds of thousands of copies. * This book is based on one of the last texts he wrote, shortly before he died in 1994.
What is the relationship between persons and things? And how does the body transform this relationship? In this book, the author - one of Italy's leading political philosophers - considers these questions and shows that starting from the body, rather than from the thing or the person, can help us to reconsider the status of both.
For a century, Nietzsche has been among the most controversial of modern writers. Since his death in 1900, he has been appropriated as an icon by a diverse spectrum of people, whose interpretation of his philosophy have been equally varied. This work examines the ambiguities in is writings, traces his development, and explodes many misconceptions.
This is an accessible introduction to the often difficult authors of modern Continental European philosophy from the Enlightenment onward. A central theme is the development of theories of the Self - the transcendental self, human nature, the human acting through will, and God himself.
Much philosophical debate has attempted to reconcile the human capacity to view the world both objectively and subjectively. Thomas Nagel's book tackles this fundamental issue, arguing that our divided nature is the root of a whole range of philosophical problems.
Consulted through the ages, in both China and the West, for answers to fundamental questions about the world and our place in it, this book deals with three thousand years to ancient shamanistic practices involving the ritual preparation of the shoulder bones of oxen.
Published anonymously in 1776, six months before the Declaration of Independence, this book offered was a radical and impassioned call for America to free itself and set up an independent republican government.
In this cogent and accessible introduction to philosophy, the distinguished author of Mortal Questions and The View From Nowhere sets forth the central problems of philosophical inquiry for the beginning student.
A new study of the ethical thought of one of this century's greatest and most influential theologians, Karl Barth. The book relates Barth's ideas to contemporary ideas in religious ethics - including the problem of war, the ethical roles of the Bible and the Church, human freedom, and individual and corporate morality.
William Hazlitt's tough combative writings on subjects ranging from slavery to the imagination, boxing matches to the monarchy, established him as one of the greatest radicals of his age and have insspired journalists and political satirists ever since.
One of the most iconoclastic thinkers of all time, Friedrich Nietzsche continues to challenge the boundaries of conventional religion and morality with his subversive theories of the 'superman', the individual will, the death of God and the triumph of an all-powerful human life force.
Setting out to diagnose the condition of global capitalism, the ideological constraints we are faced with in our lives, and the bleak future promised by this system, this book explores the possibilities - and the traps - of new emancipatory struggles.
Explores the forces that are arrayed against maturity, and shows how philosophy can help us want to grow up. This book discusses childhood, adolescence, sex, and culture, and asks how the idea of travel can help us build a model of maturity that makes growing up a good option and leaves space in our culture for grown-ups.
Phaedrus is widely recognized as one of Plato's most profound and beautiful works. It takes the form of a dialogue between Socrates and Phaedrus and its ostensible subject is love, especially homoerotic love. This new translation is accompanied by an introduction and full notes that discuss the structure of the dialogue and elucidate issues that might puzzle the modern reader.
Machiavelli's commentary on Livy's history of Rome sets out his fundamental preference for a republican state. This translation is richly annotated, providing the contemporary reader with sufficient historical, linguistic, and political information to understand and interpret the revolutionary affirmations Machiavelli made, based on the historical evidence he found in Livy.
Part reminiscence, part meditation, Reveries of the Solitary Walker is Rousseau's last great work, the enduring testimony of an alienated person seeking self-knowledge. As he records his walks round Paris, he finds happiness in solitude and nature. The new translation includes an introduction and notes that explore the work and its contexts.
Epistemology as it has traditionally been pursued has been impoverished by the lack of any theoretical framework conducive to revealing the ethical and political aspects of our epistemic conduct. Miranda Fricker shows that virtue epistemology provides a general epistemological idiom in which these issues can be fruitfully and forcefully discussed.
Marcus Aurelius' Meditations is a private notebook of philosophical reflections with universal significance. Drawing on Stoic philosophy, Marcus confronts challenges that affect us all in our struggle to live meaningful lives. This edition includes a selection of Marcus' correspondence with his tutor Fronto which complements the Meditations.
The Eudemian Ethics is a major treatise on moral philosophy whose central concern is what makes life worth living. This is the first time it has been published in its entirety in any modern language. Anthony Kenny's fine translation is accompanied by a lucid introduction and explanatory notes.
On Obligations was written by Cicero after the murder of Julius Caesar to provide principles of behaviour for aspiring politicians. Though written for first-century Romans it has been adopted as a guide to political conduct in every major era in the West: by the early Christians, in the high Middle Ages, in the Renaissance, and in the age of the Enlightenment.
This authoritative edition was first published in the acclaimed Oxford Authors series under the general editorship of Frank Kermode. It includes The Advancement of Learning, the Essays, and New Atlantis as well as other texts, in modernized spelling and with generous annotation.
The Enquiry considers the origin and processes of human thought and argues that we should liberate ourselves from the 'superstition' of false metaphysics and religion. This edition places the work in its historical and philosophical context.
Stoic philosopher and tutor to the young emperor Nero, Seneca wrote moral essays - exercises in practical philosophy - on how to live in a troubled world. Strikingly applicable today, his thoughts on happiness and other subjects are here combined in a clear, modern translation with an introduction on Seneca's life and philosophy.
Kant's Critique of Judgement analyses our experience of the beautiful and the sublime in relation to nature, morality, and theology. Meredith's classic translation is here lightly revised and supplemented with a bilingual glossary. The edition also includes the important First Introduction.
Ecce Homo is an autobiography like no other. Nietzsche passes under review all his previous books and reaches a final reckoning with his many enemies. Ecce Homo is the summation of an extraordinary philosophical career.
What do philosophers mean by 'absolute' and 'akrasia'? What are 'Polish notation' and 'prime matter'? What contributions to human thought were made by Plato, Machiavelli, Kant and Derrida? This dictionary answers these and other questions.
The Stoic writings of the philosopher Seneca offer powerful insights into the art of living and the importance of reason and morality and continue to provide profound guidance to many through their eloquence, lucidity and timeless wisdom.
States that throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. This book presents works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.
In his Enquiry Edmund Burke overturned the Platonic tradition in aesthetics and replaced metaphysics with psychology. His revolutions in method and sensibility influenced later philosophers and literary and artistic movements from the Gothic novel to Romanticism and beyond. This new edition guides the reader through Burke's arguments.
The four essays in this volume examine the most central issues that face liberal democratic regimes. They tackle the protection of individual liberty, the basic principles of ethics, the benefits and the costs of representative institutions, and the central importance of gender equality in society.
A founding text of European aestheticism and literary criticism, Poetics underpins our moden understanding of imaginative writing. Anthony Kenny's new translation is accompanied by associated material from Plato, Sir Philip Sidney, P. B. Shelley, and Dorothy L. Sayers and a wide-ranging introduction.