'Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains' is the dramatic opening line of The Social Contract, published in 1762. It laid the groundwork for both the American and French Revolutions. This translation includes Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men and The Social Contract in full.
An introduction to the thinking of the French intellectual, Roland Barthes, as applied to such diverse topics as Gide, Garbo, striptease, photography and the Eiffel Tower. The pieces in this collection were written over a period of three decades.
Examining the themes of presence and absence, the relationship between photography and theatre, history and death, these 'reflections on photography' begin as an investigation into the nature of photographs. Then, as Barthes contemplates a photograph of his mother as a child, the book becomes an exposition of his own mind.
The companion volume to Keith Ansell Pearson's hugely successful Viroid Life.Taking its orientation from the though of Gilles Deleuze, Germinal Life embarks on a fascinating tour of ethology, biology, ethics, literature and cyborgs.
Written specifically for the beginner this book provides an overall perspective of Hume's work, dealing specifically with Hume's masterpieces, The Treatise on Human Nature and The Dialogues on Natural Religion.
An introductory textbook on the ethics of our treatment of animals. With the beginner firmly in mind, each chapter introduces one of three standard approaches in ethical theory: utilitarianism, rights and virtue ethics.
Bertrand Russell was one of the most influential figures of the 20th century and his autobiography is one of the most compelling and vivid ever written. This compact paperback edition contains an introduction by Michael Foot.
Charts the struggle between freedom and control, two determining forces in 19th-century history, from the defeat of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna to the lead-up to the First World War. Russell also considers the founding of democracy in America and the emerging Imperialism in Europe.
Introduces and assesses Berkeley's life and the background to the Principles, the ideas and text in the Principles, Berkeley's continuing importance to philosophy. Essential reading for students coming to Berkeley for the first time.
This is a fascinating and beautifully written book on what philosophy can tell us about humour and about what it is to be human. It will fascinate and intrigue anyone with a sense of humour, which hopefully is all of us.
Helps those who want to argue well and think critically. Using topical examples, this book includes such entries as: Principle of Charity; Lawyer's Answer; Least Worst Option; Poisoning the Well; Sentimentality; Sunk Cost Fallacy; Weasel Words; and, 'You would say that wouldn't you'.
How do we know what we 'know'? How did we - as individuals and as a society - come to accept certain knowledge as fact? This title questions the reliability of our assumptions on knowledge. It investigates the relationship between 'individual' and 'scientific' knowledge.
Godel, Escher, Bach is a Pulitzer Prize--winning treatise exploring patterns and symbols in the thinking of mathematician Kurt Godel, artist M. C. Escher and composer Johann Sebastian Bach. A groundbreaking book that has set the standard for interdisciplinary writing. A book every thinking reader must have.
"Long regarded as the most accurate rendering of Plato s Republic that has yet been published, this widely acclaimed work is the first strictly literal translation of a timeless classic. This second ed"
John Harris presents a defence of cloning, by exposing the rhetorical nature of the arguments against it. He tackles each of the myths in turn and argues that some of the most cherished human values, such as the right to start a family and freedom from state control, actually support the case for cloning.
The essays indicate both the history of reflection on ethics in Continental thought as well as its contemporary viability. Readers will find discussions of the ethical as it is treated in the phenomenological, genealogical, deconstructive and discourse ethical currents of Continental philosophy.
* Offers an innovative approach to understanding the Modernist literary mind in Britain. * Helps readers to grasp the intellectual and cultural contexts of literary Modernism. * Organised around contemporary ideas such as Freudianism and eugenics rather than literary genres.
Philosopher, dramatist, rhetorician, Stoic and pragmatist, Seneca was one of the most contradictory figures in ancient Rome, embracing a stern ascetic morality while amassing a fortune under Nero and eventually committing suicide. This biography reveals a life lived perilously in the gap between ideals and reality.
This abridged edition of On War by Beatrice Heuser, using the acclaimed translation by Michael Howard and Peter Paret, selects the central books in which Clausewitz's views on the nature and theory of war are developed.
Are high moral standards essential or should we give our preference to the pragmatist who gets things done or negotiates successfully? Taking the form of a dialogue between Socrates, Gorgias, Polus and Callicles, this title debates perennial questions about the nature of government and those who aspire to public office.
Paris, near the turn of 1932-3. Three young friends meet over apricot cocktails at the Bec-de-Gaz bar on the rue Montparnasse. They are Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir and their friend Raymond Aron, who opens their eyes to a radical new way of thinking...
Defines the common thread linking the world's greatest economic thinkers and explores the philosophies that motivate them. This work enables us to see more deeply into our history, and provides the new theme that connects thinkers as different as Adam Smith and Karl Marx: the desire to understand how a capitalist society works.
Presents an overview of Paine's career as political theorist and pamphleteer, and supplies background material to "Rights of Man". This book discusses how Paine created a language of modern politics that brought various issues to the common man and the working classes and assesses the debt owed to Paine by American and British radical traditions.
A unique edition of the sayings of Diogenes, whose biting wit and eccentricity inspired the anecdotes that express his Cynic philosophy. It includes the accounts of his immediate successors, such as Crates and Hipparchia, and the witty moral preacher Bion. The contrasting teachings of the Cyrenaics and the hedonistic Aristippos complete the volume.
The concept of law lies at the heart of our social and political life, shaping the character of our community and underlying issues from racism and abortion to human rights and international war. The revised edition of this Very Short Introduction examines the central questions about law's relation to justice, morality, and democracy.
If a man supports Arsenal one day and Spurs the next then he is fickle but not necessarily illogical. From this starting point, and assuming no previous knowledge of logic, this work takes the reader through the whole gamut of logical expressions in a simple way.
Voltaire's Pocket Philosophical Dictionary is a major work of the European Enlightenment. It consists of a series of short essays, arranged alphabetically, whose unifying thread is an attack on religious and political intolerance. Highly entertaining, its concern with intolerance and its consequences is still relevant today.
"The Republic", Plato's masterwork, was first enjoyed 2,400 years ago and remains one of the most widely-read books in the world: as a foundational work of Western philosophy, and for the richness of its ideas and virtuosity of its writing. This title presents a translation of Plato's "The Republic" along with notes and an introduction.
The Mediations of the great Roman philosopher-emperor Marcus Aurelius are simple yet profound works of stoic philosophy that continue to offer guidance and consolation to many with their eloquence, wisdom and humility.
In Descartes's Meditations, the thinker rejects all his former beliefs in the quest for new certainties. He develops new conceptions of body and mind to create a new science of nature. This new translation includes a wide-ranging, accessible introduction, notes and full selections from the Objections and Replies.
Do we really make our own decisions? Or are we compelled to act by factors beyond our control? This introduction is an investigation of one of the most important problems of Western philosophy. It looks at a range of issues surrounding this fundamental philosophical question, exploring it from the ideas of the Greek and medieval philosophers.
How ought we to live? What really exists? How do we know? This book introduces many themes in ethics, knowledge, and the self, via readings from Plato, Hume, and other writers. It emphasizes throughout the point of doing philosophy, explains how many areas of philosophy are related, and explores the contexts in which philosophy was and is done.