Originally published almost 150 years ago, five parts of "The Idea of a University" - "University Teaching" and four selections from "University Subjects" - are reproduced here, along with five essays by contemporary scholars exploring the present day relevance of Newman's themes.
An attempt to answer the question, how much do our perceptions of things depend on our cognitive ability and how much on our linguistic resources? Eco undertakes a series of idiosyncratic explorations, starting from the perceived data of common sense, to expound a clear critique of Kant.
Merleau-Ponty was responsible for bringing the phenomenological methods of the German philosophers to France, instigating a new wave of interest in this approach. His influence extended beyond the boundaries of philosophy and can be seen in theories of politics, psychology, art and language. This volume brings together a selection of his writing.
In a series of interlinked essays encompassing music (baroque and rock), architecture, urban planning and literature, Iain Chambers weaves together a critique of Western humanism, exploring issues of colonization and migration, language and identity.
Presents an introduction to the historical context, key themes and debates in Utilitarianism. This book presents a survey of the modern debate about utilitarianism and goes on to evaluate utilitarianism in comparison with other theories, in particular virtue ethics and Kantianism.
A student's guide to the historical context, key thinkers and central themes of pragmatism, a concept central to American philosophy. It focuses on the ways in which pragmatists, both contemporary and historical, have attempted to address some of the most important problems in philosophy.
A work in comparative literature and philosophy that offers a fresh and important way of thinking the ethical capacity of human subjectivity. It posits a universal ethics based neither on rational mental structures nor on moral principles, but on the extra-rational powers of the imagination.
Explores the historical, philosophical and political context in which Aristotle's theories evolved. This book offers an account of the work and thought of this thinker, providing an outline of his central ideas and the ways in which they have influenced the history of western philosophy.
Bertrand Russell was one of the greatest philosophers of the twentieth century. He left his mark and influence in many domains of intellectual inquiry, including the foundations of mathematics, religion, history, ethics and politics. This title offers an account of the work and thought of this key thinker.
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), utilitarian philosopher and reformer, is a key figure in our intellectual heritage. This book provides an overview of Jeremy Bentham, the widely read and studied political philosopher. It presents an account of his life and thought, and highlights his relevance to contemporary debates in philosophy, politics and law.
Addresses various central issues in the aesthetics of nature. This book offers an introduction to the field of nature aesthetics. It situates nature aesthetics in relation to two principal influences: aesthetics' traditional project of understanding the value of art, and thought on the ethics of our relationship with nature.
Presents a collection of Michel Foucault's articles, interviews and seminars. This work focuses primarily upon the philosophy, literature and other works of the imagination which have informed Foucault's particular engagement with ethics and power and includes Foucault's arresting commentaries on the work of de Sade, Rousseau, Marx, and Nietzsche.
Sets six of the finest minds in the history of philosophy to work on the problems of everyday life. Here then are Socrates, Epicurus, Seneca, Montaigne, Schopenhauer and Nietzsche on some of the things that bother us all: lack of money, the pain of love, inadequacy, anxiety; the fear of failure and the pressure to conform.
Philosophy of Language A-Z offers a broad coverage of theories, debates, concepts, problems and philosophers in the philosophy of language. It consists of concise and accessible entries on each of the key terms and issues in this area of philosophy.
The meeting of Voltaire, successful financier, famous poet and troublemaker, and the enchanting amateur physicist and countess Emilie du Chatelet, was a meeting of both hearts and minds. In the Chateau de Cirey, the two brilliant intellects scandalised the French aristocracy with their passionate love affair.
This alphabetic guide introduces the main positions, key figures, basic approaches, and central problems in ethical theory. Thorough and up-to-date it is a uniquely concise but comprehensive philosophical reference work to the subject.
This book gives concise, accurate and illuminating accounts of key positions, concepts, arguments and figures in the philosophy of science. It aids understanding of current debates, explains their historical development and connects them with broader philosophical issues.
Seeking to break the deadlock in the ongoing wars between philosophers of science and sociologists of science, this text argues that social interaction actually assists us in securing firm, rationally-based knowledge, clarifying the philosophical points at issue.
Explores man's quest for psychological security, examining our efforts to find spiritual and intellectual certainty in the realms of religion and philosophy. This title underlines the importance of our search for stability in an age where human life seems particularly vulnerable and uncertain.
This is an accessible and informative guide to the evolution of the concept of crimes against humanity- a hugely influential concept which has had a marked impact on modern international politics, law and ethics.
Lomax pays particular attention to the problematic concept of nobility, which concerned Nietzsche during his later years. This study provides a close textual analysis and a thoughtful reconceptualization ofBeyond Good and Evil.
This book investigates the concept of body shame and explores its significance when considering philosophical accounts of embodied subjectivity, providing phenomenological reflections on how the body is shaped by social forces.
Suitable for introductory classes focusing on philosophy of mind, this work includes readings from primary sources. It focuses on various examples and counter-examples, and meets the needs of instructors concerned with assigning primary source material that can serve as a foundation for more advanced studies in philosophy.
As the perfect companion to introduction to ethics courses, Dell'Olio and Simon's reader includes the most influential ethical theories without overwhelming the beginning student. It contains a variety of readings encompassing contemporary and classic philosophers, male and fe...
In this major theoretical statement, the author offers a new and provocative interpretation of the institutional transformations associated with modernity. We do not as yet, he argues, live in a post--modern world.
This new textbook is a lively and highly accessible introduction to philosophy. From the fundamental issues of philosophical thought to the latest theories in the philosophy of mind, An Introduction to Philosophy provides clear and incisive discussion of the key areas of philosophy for students new to the subject.
Over the last decade, Axel Honneth has established himself as one of the leading social and political philosophers in the world today. Rooted in the tradition of critical theory, his writings have been central to the revitalization of critical theory and have become increasingly influential.
Gregory Bateson was a philosopher, anthropologist, photographer, naturalist and poet, as well as the husband and collaborator of Margaret Mead. This anthology of his major work contains a foreword by his daughter Mary Katherine Bateson.
While much has been written against the death penalty, the author contends that Western philosophy is massively, if not always obviously, complicit with a logic in which a sovereign state has the right to take a life.
Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is one of the most rewarding of all philosophical works. The text follows the second edition of 1787, with a translation of all first edition passages altered or omitted. For this reissue of Kemp Smith's classic 1929 edition, Gary Banham contributes a major new Bibliography of secondary sources on Kant.
Accessible and wide-ranging, this introduction to contemporary Philosophy of Action guides the reader through the major views and arguments. The topics addressed include the nature of intentional action and its explanation, the nature of reasons, the role of desire and intention in action, the nature of autonomy and the possibility of group agents.
This stimulating reader addresses all aspects of human morality and sociality from an evolutionary and cognitive perspective. Authored by six leading researchers, it discusses both the 'good' and 'bad' sides of humanity and delves into the particular behaviours, social and moral practices, and underlying psychological processes that make us human.
Thomas Hobbes is one of the foremost British philosophers. This title covers those areas of philosophy where Hobbes is a key player: metaphysics; epistemology; moral philosophy; political philosophy; the philosophy of religion. It explores Hobbes' philosophical method and offers an account of the historical background to Hobbes' thought.
Offers an account of the central theories and ideas encountered in aesthetics. Suitable for students across the arts and humanities, this book stresses distinctively modern and contemporary problems, including the divergence between theories of aesthetics and theories of art and the problem of media.
Gottfried Leibniz is one of the most influential and important European philosophers of the early modern period. This work gives an account of Lebniz's philosophy. It examines his ideas, including the intersections between his metaphysics, epistemology, ethical and political thought and his famous claim that reality consists of monads (unities).
David Hume is arguably one of the most important philosophers ever to have written in English. This book is an account of Hume's philosophy, his major works and ideas, providing a guide to the important and complex thought of this key philosopher. It covers the whole range of Hume's work, offering examination of the key areas of his thought.