A Socratic dialogue in two parts. It begins with a theoretical exposition of the cosmos and his story describing the creation of the universe, from its very beginning to the coming of man. It also comprises an account of the rise and fall of Atlantis, an empire ruled by the descendants of Poseidon, which ultimately sank into the sea.
In Timaeus Plato attempts to describe and explain the structure of the universe: the creator god, the elements, the lower gods, the stars, and men. The companion piece, Critias, is the origin of the story of Atlantis, the lost empire defeated by ancient Athenians. This is the clearest translation yet of these crucial ancient texts.
In 1845, the author went to live in the woods near his hometown of Concord, Massachusetts. In this book, he documents his passion for the landscape and wildlife of Walden Pond, and his philosophical and political motivations for rejecting the materialism.
Near-Death Experiences gives an account of the profound meaning and striking transformative effects that near-death experiences engender. They argue that the integrity of scientific inquiry is compatible with genuine understanding of the significance of human spirituality.
In everything from philosophical ethics to legal argument to public activism, it has become commonplace to appeal to human dignity. Dignity refers to the fundamental moral worth or status supposedly belonging to all persons equally. But this is relatively new. In this volume, leading scholars across a range of disciplines attempt to clarify the variegated and murky history of "dignity," and explain how it arrived it is current and historically unusual
Rene Descartes posed questions about the nature of knowledge and the nature of being that philosophers still debate today. In Meditations, Descartes expands on his most famous pronouncement, "I think, therefore I am," which first appeared in an earlier text.
Considered the father of the philosophical movement known as Christian existentialism, which focuses on the living human being, Kierkegaard takes readers on a journey from the human self, its spirit, despair and sin, through to faith in this major 1849 work.
More than 2,500 years after it was written, Symposium remains a key text for philosophers, historians, writers, artists and politicians. Plato imagines seven important historical figures, including the philosopher Socrates, debating eros (human love and desire).
In Philosophical Investigations, Ludwig Wittgenstein presents a radical approach to the philosophy of language and the mind, setting out a startlingly fresh conception of philosophy itself. Wittgenstein begins from the insight that most philosophical problems trace back to incorrect assumptions about the nature of language.
What is justice? How should an individual and a society behave justly? And how do they learn how to do so? These are just some of the core questions explored in The Republic, considered by many to be Plato's most important work.
Aristotle, a student of Plato, wrote Nicomachean Ethics in 350 BCE, in a time of extraordinary intellectual development. Over two millennia later, his thorough exploration of virtue, reason, and the ultimate human good still forms the basis of the values at the heart of Western civilization.
Most likely written between 170 and 180, Meditations is a remarkable work, a unique insight into one of the most conscientious and able Roman emperors, Marcus Aurelius, who ruled at the apex of the empire's power.
Argues that our brains are wired for social connection: empathy is at the heart of who we are. Through encounters with actors, activists, designers, undercover journalists, bankers and neuroscientists, the author sets out the six life-enhancing habits of highly empathic people, whose skills enable them to connect with others in extraordinary ways.
Showing the lessons that can be learned from the past, the author explores twelve universal topics, from work and love to money and creativity, and reveals the wisdom that we've been missing. It stepping into the territory of Alain de Botton and Theodore Zeldin, is 'practical history' - using the past to think about our day to day lives.
What is the nature of friendship, and what is its significance in our lives? The author tracks historical ideas of friendship, gathers a diversity of friendship stories from the annals of myth and literature, and provides unexpected insights into our friends, ourselves, and the role of friendships in an ethical life.
A collection of the lectures on moral philosophy given by John Rawls over three decades of teaching at Harvard. This book looks at thinkers such as Leibniz, Hume and Kant, in their struggle to define the role of a moral conception in human life.
This title was Foucault's only work on literature. Here he explores theory, criticism and psychology through the texts of Roussel, one of the fathers of experimental writing, whose work has been celebrated by the likes of Cocteau, Duchamp, Brenton, Grillet, Gide and Giacometti.
Presents two works by the political and social radical English-speaking philosopher. One is regarded as a sacred text of liberalism. The other stresses the importance of equality for the sexes. These works provide a testimony to the hopes and anxieties of mid-Victorian England, and offer a consideration of what it truly means to be free.
An autobiography of John Stuart Mill (1806-73). This title describes the pressures placed on him by his childhood, the mental breakdown he suffered as a young man, his struggle to understand a world of feelings and emotions far removed from his father's strict didacticism, and the later development of his own radical beliefs.
An edition of Isaiah Berlin's classic of liberalism, "Four Essays on Liberty", this book incorporates a fifth essay, and adds further pieces on the same topic, so that Berlin's principal statements on liberty are available together. This book throws biographical light on Berlin's preoccupation with liberty in appendices drawn from his writings.
In his philosophical reflections on the art of lingering, acclaimed cultural theorist Byung-Chul Han argues that the value we attach today to the vita activa is producing a crisis in our sense of time.
Existentialism is backCarpe diem - `seize the day' - is one of the oldest pieces of life advice in Western history. In Carpe Diem Regained, Roman Krznaric reinvents existentialism for our age of information and choice overload.
Utilitarianism propounds the view that the value or rightness of an action rests in how well it promotes the welfare of those affected by it, aiming for 'the greatest happiness of the greatest number'. This book shows the creation and development of a system of ethics that has had an enduring influence on moral philosophy and legislative policy.
Secularism, the belief that religion should not be part of the affairs of the state or part of public education, is an increasingly hot topic in global public, political, and religious debates. Andrew Copson tells the story of secularism, discussing secular republics and the challenges they can face from resurgent religious identity politics.