George Ciccariello-Maher brings the work of Georges Sorel, Frantz Fanon, and Enrique Dussel together with contemporary Venezuelan politics to formulate a decolonized dialectics that is suited to the struggle against the legacies of slavery and colonialism while also breaking the impasse between dialectics and postcolonial theory.
Focusing on the rich and variegated cluster of Indic philosophical traditions as they developed from the late Vedic period up to the pre-modern period, Free Will, Agency, and Selfhood in Indian Philosophy offers an understanding, according to each school, of the nature of free will and agency.
This book presents an innovative reading of Daoist philosophy that highlights the critical and therapeutic functions of satire and humor. Moeller and D'Ambrosio show how the Zhuangzi expounds the Daoist art of "genuine pretending": the paradoxical skill of enacting social roles without submitting to them or letting them define one's identity.
This introduction is thematically structured, wide-ranging and philosophically rigorous, providing the technical details of Indian philosophical arguments and their theoretical motivations, without being too technical for beginners. Including a glossary, guide to Sanskrit pronunciation and translated texts, it is an essential resource for beginners and advanced students of Indian philosophy.
Jan Westerhoff unfolds the story of one of the richest episodes in the history of Indian thought, the development of Buddhist philosophy during the first millennium CE. He aims to offer the reader a systematic grasp of key Buddhist concepts such as non-self, suffering, reincarnation, karma, and nirvana.
Two essays on utilitarianism, written from opposite points of view, by J. J. C. Smart and Bernard Williams. In the first part of the book Professor Smart advocates a modern and sophisticated version of classical utilitarianism. In Part II Bernard Williams offers a sustained and vigorous critique of utilitarian assumptions, arguments and ideals.
This volume offers a comprehensive overview of virtue ethics, the implications for specific practical issues and where we can expect virtue ethics to go in the future. Useful for students of virtue ethics and the history of ethics, to understand the changing face of contemporary moral philosophy.
This book is both a critique of the concept of the rights-holding, free, autonomous individual and attendant ideology dominant in the contemporary West, and an account of an alternative view, that of the role-bearing, interrelated responsible person of classical Confucianism, suitably modified for addressing the manifold problems of today.
The author examines the range of Indian philosophy from the Sutra period through to Navya Nyaya. It is divided into three parts that cover epistemology, metaphysics and distinction between subject and object. It also includes a discussion of Indian ethics and social philosophy.
Sir Anthony Kenny presents a fascinating and authoritative new history of Western philosophy. Specially written for a broad popular readership, Kenny's lucid and stimulating history will become the definitive work for anyone interested in the people and ideas that shaped the course of Western thought.
Rene Descartes had a short working life, and his output was small, yet he made significant contributions to philosophy and science. This book shows that Descartes was, above all, an advocate and practitioner of a new mathematical approach to physics, and that he developed his metaphysics to support his programme in the sciences.
CONTENTS: Introduction Selected BibliographyFive Sermons: The Preface Sermon I - Upon Human Nature Sermon II - Upon Human Nature Sermon III - Upon Human Nature Sermon IV - Upon The Love Of Our Neighbor Sermon V - Upon The Love Of Our NeighborA dissertation upon the Nature of Virtue
Deals with the issue of intercultural learning that has been tackled, amongst others, in the fields of education, language education and applied linguistics. This book appeals to an international readership of students, scholars and professionals across a wide range of disciplines, interested in making intercultural education effective.
Is it always wrong to lie? Should there be limits to personal freedom? Can killing sometimes be justified? Is the free market fair? What is the right thing to do? This title invites readers of all ages and political persuasions on a journey of moral reflection, and shows how reasoned debate can illuminate our lives.
Presents an exchange between a writer with a longstanding interest in moral psychology and a psychotherapist with a training in literary studies. In this book, they consider psychotherapy and its wider social context from different perspectives, but at the heart of both their approaches is a concern with stories.
Providing ancient and modern-day examples to illustrate Stoic principles, this book guides readers through the themes and ideas of Stoic thought. It presents Stoicism as an ethically viable way of life through rejecting their notion of ethical perfectionism in favour of a type of ethical progressivism consistent with other Stoic principles.
Explains how philosophers like Socrates and Pythagoras influenced Plato's thought. This book provides an account of Plato's puzzling theory of knowledge, and explains how this theory then directed his provocative views on politics, ethics and individual liberty.
Covering Erich Fromm's entire life, this biography traces his traditional Jewish upbringing, the years associated with the Frankfurt School of Philosophers, through life in Mexico, and his work in America from the 1950s to his death in 1980.
Thomas Hobbes, the first great English political philosopher, has had the reputation of being a pessimistic atheist. This study evaluates Hobbes's philosophy, describing him to have been passionately concerned with the refutation of scepticism, and to have developed a theory of knowledge, which rivalled that of Descartes in its importance.
'Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains' is the dramatic opening line of The Social Contract, published in 1762. It laid the groundwork for both the American and French Revolutions. This translation includes Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality Among Men and The Social Contract in full.
Gottfried Leibniz was one of the most important and influential philosophers of the seventeenth century and, alongside Descartes and Spinoza, one of the three great Rationalist thinkers. Covering the key concepts of his work, this book provides an accessible introduction to the ideas of this hugely significant thinker.
Includes three works, all dating from Nietzsche's last lucid months, that aim show him at his most stimulating and controversial: the portentous utterances of the prophet (together with the ill-defined figure of the Ubermensch) are forsaken, as wit, exuberance and dazzling insights predominate.
For most of our history religion provided a clear explanation for life and the afterlife. But in the early twentieth century this framework came under relentless pressure as new ideas - from psychiatry to evolution to Communism - seemed to suggest that our fate was now in our own hands. This book raises questions about what it means to be human.
Thomas Hobbes was one of the important and influential philosophers of the seventeenth century. Covering various key concepts of his work, this book provides an introduction to the ideas of this significant thinker. It leads the reader through the full range of Hobbes' ideas and, uniquely, not just his political philosophy.
George Berkeley (1685-1753) was one of the most important and influential philosophers in the history of Western thought. This book provides a detailed overview of Berkeley's philosophy, an interpretation of his arguments, and the opportunity for the reader to critically engage with Berkeley's philosophical moves.
Jean Jacques Rousseau is one of the most important and influential thinkers of the Enlightenment period and, indeed, of the whole history of philosophy. His political theory heavily influenced the French Revolution, development of socialist theory and the growth of nationalism. This book presents an overview of Rousseau's thought.