Explores how tribal peoples approach essential human problems, from childrearing to old age to conflict resolution to health. In this book, the author reveals how tribal societies offer a window into how our ancestors lived for millions of years - until virtually yesterday, in evolutionary terms - and provide an insights into human nature.
Competition, flexibility and profit are still the common currency, even at a time when Western countries have been driven off a cliff by these very values. But will it always be this way? This title argues for the predominance in any society of one of three broad value systems - that of the merchant; the soldier; and the sage.
In 1935, with a doctorate in art history and no prospect of a job, the 26-year-old Ernst Gombrich was invited to attempt a history of the world for younger readers. Amazingly, he completed the task in six weeks, and "Eine kurze Weltgeschichte fur junge Leser" was published in Vienna. This book presents his history to English-language readers.
Throughout their evolutionary history, humans have affected the natural environment, sometimes with a promise of sustainable balance, but also in a destructive manner. This book investigates the ways in which environmental changes, often the result of human actions, have caused historical trends in human societies.
What was it like to be caught in the firestorm that destroyed Pompeii? To have dinner with Attila the Hun? To watch the charge of the Light Brigade? To see the Titanic slide beneath the waves? This title offers an account from memoirs, travel books and newspapers.
The vast contribution of African civilization to all regions of the West, the westward migration of Europeans, pan-Atlantic commerce and its role in developing economies, racial and ethnic relations, the spread of Enlightenment ideas - all are Atlantic phenomena.
What we consume has become the defining feature of our lives: our economies live or die by spending, we are treated more as consumers than workers, and even public services are presented to us as products in a supermarket. This book explores how we have come to live with so much more, how this changed the course of history, and more.
On issues ranging from the Holocaust to Srebrenica, contemporary historians are being asked to serve as 'expert witnesses' to painful events in the recent past - in the courtroom and in the media. Leading historians from across Europe reflect upon their experiences in this emerging public role.
1928, 1958 and 1960), the 20th century's best-known promoter of contraception (Marie Stopes, d. 1958), civil rights worker Rosa Parks (d. 2005), founder of the hospice movement Cicely Saunders (d. 2005), anti-apartheid campaigner Helen Suzman (d. 2009) and Nobel Prize-winning environmentalist Wangari Maathai (d.
Operation Protective Edge, Israel's most recent assault on Gaza, left thousands of Palestinians dead and cleared the way for another Israeli land grab. This book offers hope and a way forward for all those committed to the struggle to liberate Palestine.
A magisterial history of South Africa, from the earliest known human inhabitation of the region to the present. It also includes a chapter chronicling the first presidential term of Mbeki and ending with the celebrations of the centenary of South Africa's ruling African National Congress in January 2012.
For about 900 years, from 1000 to 1900, cotton was the world's most important manufacturing industry. It remains a vast business. This book tells the history of the overwhelming role played by cotton in dictating the shape of our world. It is also a case history of how the world works.
The Dutch Golden Age was one of the most spectacularly creative episodes in world history. The age of Grotius, Spinoza, Rembrandt, and Vermeer, it was also remarkable for its immense impact in the spheres of commerce, finance, shipping, and technology. This book provides a comprehensive account of the history of the Dutch republic.
Thirty-seven essays providing a comprehensive overview, covering the most essential aspects of Atlantic history from c.1450 to c.1850, offering a wide-ranging and authoritative account of the movement of people, plants, pathogens, products, and cultural practices-to mention some of the key agents-around and within the Atlantic basin.
Over the years, a new German state came into being. How much do we really understand this new Germany, and how do its people now understand themselves? The author argues that for any European country, no coherent, over-arching narrative of Germany's history can be constructed, for in Germany both geography and history have always been unstable.
Ukraine has been a home to millions of Jews, serving as the birthplace of Hassidism - and as one of the killing fields of the Holocaust. This examines the history of Ukraine's search for its identity, bringing together some of the major figures in Ukrainian history. It is an essential guide for understanding Ukraine's past and its future.
Offers stories that feature forms of magic and possession - from Moses battling with Pharaoh's wizards to the supernatural actions of Jesus and his disciples. This book is filled with incantations, charms, curses, summonings, cures and descriptions of extraordinary, shadowy, only half-understood happenings from long ago.
Featuring the important events and figures that have shaped the present, from the very origins of humanity to key contemporary issues, such as the development of the internet and social media, this book focuses on key profiles of major figures, exploration of important inventions and explanation of significant ideologies that defined their time.
Recapturing the human dimension of how the world's largest democracy came to be, this book explores the lives of 50 Indians, from the spiritualist Buddha to the capitalist Dhirubhai Ambani - lives that light up India's rich, varied past and its continuous ferment of ideas.
Tells the story of Venice of cities from its founding in the fifth century, through its unrivalled status for over a thousand years as one of the busiest and powerful city states, until its fall at the hands of Napoleon in 1797.
Constantine the Great moved the seat of Roman power to Constantinople in AD 330 and for eleven brutal, bloody centuries, the Byzantine Empire became a beacon of grand magnificence and depraved decadence. In this book, the author provides the definitive introduction to the savage, scintillating world of Byzantium.
Originally published by Yale University Press in 1998, a collection of essays on various aspects of nineteenth and twentieth century Britain, including patriotism, privacy, class, divorce and suicide. It is written by the author of DECLINE AND FALL OF THE BRITISH ARISTOCRACY and PLEASURES OF THE PAST.
Sets out to interpret history of the twentieth century as a long war in which conditions of outright military confrontation or of frantic 'cold' competition lasted from the outbreak of the first world war until the collapse of the Soviet Union.
We know what happens to the body when we die, but what happens to the soul? The answer may remain a great unknown, but the question has shaped centuries of tradition, folklore and religious belief. The author goes in search of the ancient customs, local characters and tales that illuminate how people have come to terms with our ultimate fate.
Presents a story of how a Chinese product has for two millennia allowed knowledge, ideas and religions to spread across the world. In this book the author traces the invention's voyage, beginning with the Buddhist translators responsible for its spread across China and Japan. It became indispensable to the scholars, when the paper reached Europe.
A Short History of Society is a concise account of the emergence of modern western society. It looks at how successive generations have understood and explained the world in which they lived, and examines significant events since the Enlightenment that have led to the development of society as we know it today.
From classical times to the twentieth century, this book provides a fascinating exploration of what happens to established ideas about men and women, and their roles when different cultural systems come into contact.
This broad comparative survey focuses on five big case studies, starting with the English Revolutions in the Seventeenth century, and going on to the Mexican, Russian, Vietnamese and Iranian Revolutions.
New and updated edition covering fourteen centuries of Arab history, from the rise of Islam to the aftermath of the Arab uprisings. Well received this is an accessible introduction to the history of the Arab world for the general reader. Contains nine maps, glossary, notes, bibliography, suggestions for further reading and index.
Not since Murray in 1913 has there been a seriously researched history of chess which is also readable. Eales concentrates on what can be identified through archaeological and written evidence. The key text for lovers of chess history.
Public Offices, Personal Demands presents a novel perspective on European politics in the seventeenth-century. Its focus lies on the Dutch Republic, that surprising anomaly, often described as a miracle or enigma, admired by many during this age.
It is said that deception among people in a civilized society is something to be loathed even though it seems to be part of human nature; but deception in war is a virtue. This title provides the reader with sufficient knowledge to pursue General Eisenhower's vision for the proper role of deception in support of the national interest.