Secrets played a central role in transformations in medical, alchemical, natural philosophical and commercial knowledge in early modern Europe. This volume brings together international scholars from a variety of fields to offer insights and new interpretations into the role played by secrets in their area of specialization.
The Reformation of the Generations examines how the English Reformation was shaped by the generations that experienced, witnessed, and participated in it. Drawing on a rich array of evidence, it highlights the vital part played by families bound by blood and by faith in the religious revolution that stretched across the 16th and 17th centuries.
Samuel Bawlf goes beyond Sir Francis Drake's epic circumnavigation of the globe to suggest that the explorer was given - and fulfilled - secret orders. The accomplishment of this task, he argues, made him - 200 years before Cook - one of the greatest of all explorers.
Walter Pater is increasingly seen as an important precursor of modernist aesthetic theory. This work was one of the most influential pieces of cultural criticism of its day, particularly on the work of Oscar Wilde, who described it as "my golden book ... the very flower of decadence".
Woodruff examines the implications of the end of the Cold War, the unravelling of communism, and challenge of non-western civilisations to western global superiority, at this transitional stage in world history. Third revised edition.
The theme of this study of the 15th century is the emergence of Europe as an entity. Ranging throughout the continent and drawing examples from the works of contemporary observers, it descibes the changes Europe underwent and the reassessments which these caused.
The correspondence of William Laud, archbishop of Canterbury from 1633 to 1645, provides revealing insights into his mind, methods and activities, especially in the 1630s, as he sought to remodel the church and the clerical estate in the three kingdoms.
Dealing with the period 1450-1700, this collection offers a snapshot of Anglo-French relations across the three centuries. It explores evidence of political co-operation and cultural influences, highlighting just how close early modern England's connections with France were, even at times of crisis.
This work emphasizes the survival of medieval traditions and the process of the creative adaptation of classical forms and values to their new cultural and social contexts in Italy and elsewhere in Europe.
Charles II was thirty when he crossed the Channel in fine May weather in 1660. His Restoration was greeted with maypoles and bonfires, like spring after long years of Cromwell's rule. This title is a portrait of Charles II, exploring his elusive nature through the lens of these ten vital years.
This volume explores the transformation of the British Isles in the 16th century. England was a governed monarchy, but its authority was not enforced beyond the more developed South-East and Midlands and was exerised indirectly in Wales and Ireland, while Scotland was an independent monarchy.
The chapters in this volume, each written by a leading scholar of the period, analyse in turn the response to the Union of 1603, the religious controversies under the early Stuarts, the Civil War, Commonwealth, and Restoration periods, and the social and economic context within which these developments took place.
Covering the period from the accession of James I to the death of Queen Anne, this Companion provides a magisterial overview of the 'long' seventeenth century in British history. The chapters, each written by a leading expert, guide readers through the maze of scholarly debates about Stuart Britain.
Luther provides a clear exposition of the state of German politics on the eve of the Reformation. Dr Mullett concentrates particularly on the evolution of Luther's thought and its central preoccupation with re-aligning the church's theology with that of the New Testament.
The essays in this book address the development of art, literacy and humanism across the length and breadth of Europe and show that though the Renaissance was recovering the culture of antiquity, it nevertheless served as the springboard for many specifically modern developments.
* Provides new perspectives on established texts. * Orientates the new student, while providing advanced students with current and new directions. * Pioneered by leading scholars. * Occupies a unique niche in Renaissance studies. * Illustrated with 12 single--page black and white prints. .
The purpose of this book is to decide where the achievement of Renaissance art and letters lay, by exploring the needs for which artists and humanists catered and by exploring why their work took place. It is not a history of the Renaissance, but an attempt to define its value.
At a time when men and women were prepared to kill - and be killed - for their faith, the Reformation tore western world apart. In this title, the author re-creates the religious battles of priests, monarchs, scholars and politicians, from zealous Martin Luther nailing his Theses to door of a Wittenburg church to the radical Ignatius of Loyola.
A study of the Elizabethan text, Holinshed's "Chronicles" - a history of England, Scotland and Ireland. Patterson argues that the chronicles should be read in their own right, as an important and inventive cultural history, rather than simply as source material for Shakespeare's plays.
Vives advocated education for all women, regardless of social class and ability. From childhood through adolescence to marriage and widowhood, this manual offers advice as well as philosophical meditation. Vives stressed that women were intellectually equal if not superior to men.
In the 14th century, Nicolo and Antonio Zen journeyed from Venice up the North Atlantic, encountering warrior princes, fighting savage natives and, just possibly, reaching the New World a full century before Columbus. This title sets out to discover the truth about the Zen voyages.
Long forgotten in England, Providence Island is a microcosm of the 400-year-old Atlantic story, a narrative of colonial struggle and empire, slavery and drugs, pirates and puritans and amazing reversals of fortunes. At once intimate and global, this book casts new light on the part England played in the making of the modern world.
This book is an interdisciplinary collection of essays on an important but overlooked aspect of early modern English life: the artistic and intellectual patronage of the Inns of Court and their influence on religion, politics, education, rhetoric, and culture from the late fifteenth through the early eighteenth centuries.
Presents an account of the direct experience of individuals at 'the point of maximum danger'. This title examines the physical conditions of fighting, the particular emotions and behaviour generated by battle, as well as the motives that impel soldiers to stand and fight rather than run away.
The horrific series of conflicts known as the Thirty Years War (1618-48) tore the heart out of Europe, killing perhaps a quarter of all Germans and laying waste to whole areas of Central Europe to such a degree that many towns and regions never recovered. This title explains a compelling series of events.
Follows in the footsteps of some of the greatest of the Spanish adventurers travelling from the forests of Amazonia to Lake Titicaca, the deserts of North Mexico, the snowpeaks of the Andes and the heights of Machu Picchu. This work explores the turbulent and terrifying events surrounding the Spanish conquest of the Aztec and Inca empires.
Focusing on the magisterial and enigmatic Charles V, Emperor of Europe and the New World, this title begins with the return of the remnants of Magellan's expedition around the world in 1522 and ends with Charles' death in 1558. In the decades between, the Spaniards conquer Guatemala, Yucatan, Columbia, Venezuela, Peru and Chile.
Henry, desperate to marry Anne Boleyn and ensure the Tudor line asks Pope Clement VII to grant him a divorce. Enter Gregorio Casali, an Italian diplomat hired to represent Henry's interests in the Vatican. This book combines a gripping family saga with a charged political battle between the Tudors and the Vatican.
Elizabeth of York would have ruled England, but for the fact that she was a woman. Heiress to the royal House of York, she schemed to marry Richard III, the man who had deposed and probably killed her brothers, and it is possible that she then conspired to put Henry Tudor on the throne. This book is a portrait of this beloved queen.
Sister to Anne Boleyn and seduced by two kings, Mary Boleyn has long been the subject of scandal and myth. Her affair with Henry VIII fuelled the shocking annulment of his marriage to Anne, and Mary is rumoured to have borne his child in secret.