Samuel Bawlf goes beyond Sir Francis Drake's epic circumnavigation of the globe to suggest that the explorer was given - and fulfilled - secret orders. The accomplishment of this task, he argues, made him - 200 years before Cook - one of the greatest of all explorers.
Woodruff examines the implications of the end of the Cold War, the unravelling of communism, and challenge of non-western civilisations to western global superiority, at this transitional stage in world history. Third revised edition.
Walter Pater is increasingly seen as an important precursor of modernist aesthetic theory. This work was one of the most influential pieces of cultural criticism of its day, particularly on the work of Oscar Wilde, who described it as "my golden book ... the very flower of decadence".
The theme of this study of the 15th century is the emergence of Europe as an entity. Ranging throughout the continent and drawing examples from the works of contemporary observers, it descibes the changes Europe underwent and the reassessments which these caused.
The correspondence of William Laud, archbishop of Canterbury from 1633 to 1645, provides revealing insights into his mind, methods and activities, especially in the 1630s, as he sought to remodel the church and the clerical estate in the three kingdoms.
Dealing with the period 1450-1700, this collection offers a snapshot of Anglo-French relations across the three centuries. It explores evidence of political co-operation and cultural influences, highlighting just how close early modern England's connections with France were, even at times of crisis.
This work emphasizes the survival of medieval traditions and the process of the creative adaptation of classical forms and values to their new cultural and social contexts in Italy and elsewhere in Europe.
Charles II was thirty when he crossed the Channel in fine May weather in 1660. His Restoration was greeted with maypoles and bonfires, like spring after long years of Cromwell's rule. This title is a portrait of Charles II, exploring his elusive nature through the lens of these ten vital years.
The chapters in this volume, each written by a leading scholar of the period, analyse in turn the response to the Union of 1603, the religious controversies under the early Stuarts, the Civil War, Commonwealth, and Restoration periods, and the social and economic context within which these developments took place.
This volume explores the transformation of the British Isles in the 16th century. England was a governed monarchy, but its authority was not enforced beyond the more developed South-East and Midlands and was exerised indirectly in Wales and Ireland, while Scotland was an independent monarchy.
Covering the period from the accession of James I to the death of Queen Anne, this Companion provides a magisterial overview of the 'long' seventeenth century in British history. The chapters, each written by a leading expert, guide readers through the maze of scholarly debates about Stuart Britain.
The essays in this book address the development of art, literacy and humanism across the length and breadth of Europe and show that though the Renaissance was recovering the culture of antiquity, it nevertheless served as the springboard for many specifically modern developments.
Luther provides a clear exposition of the state of German politics on the eve of the Reformation. Dr Mullett concentrates particularly on the evolution of Luther's thought and its central preoccupation with re-aligning the church's theology with that of the New Testament.
* Provides new perspectives on established texts. * Orientates the new student, while providing advanced students with current and new directions. * Pioneered by leading scholars. * Occupies a unique niche in Renaissance studies. * Illustrated with 12 single--page black and white prints. .
At a time when men and women were prepared to kill - and be killed - for their faith, the Reformation tore western world apart. In this title, the author re-creates the religious battles of priests, monarchs, scholars and politicians, from zealous Martin Luther nailing his Theses to door of a Wittenburg church to the radical Ignatius of Loyola.
The purpose of this book is to decide where the achievement of Renaissance art and letters lay, by exploring the needs for which artists and humanists catered and by exploring why their work took place. It is not a history of the Renaissance, but an attempt to define its value.
Henry, desperate to marry Anne Boleyn and ensure the Tudor line asks Pope Clement VII to grant him a divorce. Enter Gregorio Casali, an Italian diplomat hired to represent Henry's interests in the Vatican. This book combines a gripping family saga with a charged political battle between the Tudors and the Vatican.
This book is an interdisciplinary collection of essays on an important but overlooked aspect of early modern English life: the artistic and intellectual patronage of the Inns of Court and their influence on religion, politics, education, rhetoric, and culture from the late fifteenth through the early eighteenth centuries.
Renowned as an age of artistic rebirth, the Renaissance is cloaked with an aura of beauty and brilliance. But behind the Mona Lisa's smile lurked a seamy, vicious world of power politics, perversity and corruption that has more in common with the present day than anyone dares to admit.
Follows in the footsteps of some of the greatest of the Spanish adventurers travelling from the forests of Amazonia to Lake Titicaca, the deserts of North Mexico, the snowpeaks of the Andes and the heights of Machu Picchu. This work explores the turbulent and terrifying events surrounding the Spanish conquest of the Aztec and Inca empires.
Presents an account of the direct experience of individuals at 'the point of maximum danger'. This title examines the physical conditions of fighting, the particular emotions and behaviour generated by battle, as well as the motives that impel soldiers to stand and fight rather than run away.
An introduction to an age of conflict. Taking account of political, economic and social developments, the author examines the lines of division in late 16th-century Europe: between a Protestant North and a Catholic South; between the rich economy of the West and the poverty of the agrarian East.
Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII's second wife, was imprisoned in the Tower of London on 2 May 1536, and tried and found guilty of high treason on 15 May. Her supposed crimes included adultery with five men, one her own brother, and plotting the King's death. She was executed on 19 May 1536. This title tells the story of Anne's fall.
Long forgotten in England, Providence Island is a microcosm of the 400-year-old Atlantic story, a narrative of colonial struggle and empire, slavery and drugs, pirates and puritans and amazing reversals of fortunes. At once intimate and global, this book casts new light on the part England played in the making of the modern world.
The horrific series of conflicts known as the Thirty Years War (1618-48) tore the heart out of Europe, killing perhaps a quarter of all Germans and laying waste to whole areas of Central Europe to such a degree that many towns and regions never recovered. This title explains a compelling series of events.
The second edition of this bestselling narrative history has been revised and expanded to reflect recent scholarship. The book traces the transformation of England during the Tudor-Stuart period, from feudal European state to a constitutional monarchy and the wealthiest and most powerful nation on Earth.
Almost six hundred years ago, a short, genial man took a very old manuscript off a library shelf. With excitement, he saw what he had discovered and ordered it copied. This book details how one manuscript, plucked from a thousand years of neglect, made possible the world as we know it.
Recreates the dark and turbulent reign of Henry VII. In this title, the author traces the transformation of a young, vulnerable boy, Prince Henry, into the aggressive teenager who would become Henry VIII, and of Catherine of Aragon, his future queen.
Charles II has always been one of the most instantly recognisable British kings - both in his physical appearance, disseminated through endless portraits, prints and pub signs, and in his complicated mix of lasciviousness, cynicism and luxury. This book takes full advantage of its irrepressible subject.
Nobilities in Transition explores the transformation of the nobility in the late 16th and 17th centuries. While paying due attention to the great heterogeneity of the nobility in Europe it nevertheless shows how the adherence to common values and ideals nevertheless gave noble elites coherence and a shared sense of identity.