Explains what the sciences have to say about planning and action, language, memory, attention, emotions and vision. This book traces the historical development of ideas about the brain and its function from antiquity to the age of neuro-imaging.
Capitalism has influenced everything in the 21st-century world. This work tells the story of its remarkable and often ruthless rise, evolving through strife and struggle as much as innovation and enterprise. Tracing capitalism from its beginning, it looks at its practical and theoretical impact.
Explains how chaos makes its presence felt in many varieties of event, from the fluctuation of animal populations to the ups and downs of the stock market. This book also examines the roots of chaos in modern mathematics and physics, and explores the relationship between chaos and complexity.
Offers a route through the tangled jungle of competing ideas and provides an essential historical context, situating these theories within tradition of critical analysis going back to the rise of Marxism. This book presents the essential methods and objectives of each theoretical school.
The term 'feminism' came into English usage around the 1890s, but women's conscious struggle to resist discrimination and sexist oppression goes much further back. This work surveys the major developments that have affected women's lives from the 17th century to the present day.
Traces the evolution of anthropology from its genesis in Ancient Greece to its varied forms in contemporary times. This title examines the varieties of self-critical and postmodern anthropologies, and focuses on the leading question - of the impact of anthropology on non-Western cultures. It offers an invitation into anthropology.
Aristotle's authority extended beyond his own lifetime to influence fundamentally Islamic philosophy and medieval scholasticism. This title takes the reader through various theories, ranging from the establishment of systematic logic to the earliest rules of science.
A guide to the state of consciousness studies. It presents the history of the philosophical relation between mind and matter, and covers the scientific attempts to explain consciousness in terms of neural mechanisms, cerebral computation and quantum mechanics. It also introduces readers to zombies, ghosts in machines and Schrodinger's cat.
A Graphic Guide to Walter Benjamin, tracing his influence on modern aesthetics and cultural history as well as his particular focus on the tension between Marxism and Zionism, and between word and image in modern art.
Statistics have given shape to the world we inhabit. Exploring the history, mathematics, philosophy and practical use of statistics, this book traces the rise of statistics from the ancient Babylonians, Egyptians and Chinese, to the censuses of Romans and the Greeks, and the modern emergence of the term itself in Europe.
It is more than a century since Einstein's theories of Special and General Relativity began to revolutionise our view of the universe. Beginning near the speed of light and proceeding to explorations of space-time and curved spaces, this work takes readers through the thought experiments that have given shape to contemporary physics.
Was Marx himself a 'Marxist'? Was his visionary promise of socialism betrayed by Marxist dictatorship? Is Marxism inevitably totalitarian? What did Marx really say? This book provides a fundamental account of Karl Marx's original philosophy, its roots in 19th century European ideology, and his radical economic and social criticism of capitalism.
Quantum theory confronts us with bizarre paradoxes which contradict the logic of classical physics. This book takes us on a step-by-step tour with the key figures, including Planck, Einstein, Bohr, Heisenberg and Schrodinger.
Demystifies the facts of Freud's discovery of psychoanalysis. This book tells the story of Freud's life and ideas from his upbringing in 19th-century Vienna, his early medical career and his encounter with cocaine, to the gradual evolution of his theories on the unconscious, dreams and sexuality.
What is psychology? When did it begin? Where did it come from? How does psychology compare with related subjects such as psychiatry and psychotherapy? To what extent is it scientific? This book aims to answer these questions and more, explaining the subject. It describes the "schools" of thought and the sections within psychology.
Addresses such questions as: What is the place of individual choice and consequence in a post-Holocaust world of continuing genocidal ethnic cleansing? Is "identity" now a last-ditch cultural defence of ethnic nationalisms and competing fundamentalisms? And how do we define "rights", self-interest and civic duties?
Describes the life and teachings of the Buddha. This book also shows that enlightenment is a matter of experiencing the truth individually and by inspiration which is passed from teacher to student. It illuminates this process through several stories and explains the practices of meditation, Taoism and Zen.
Follows the historical development of logic, explains the symbols and methods involved and explores the philosophical issues surrounding the topic. This title takes you through the influence of logic on scientific method and the various sciences from physics to psychology.