The Second Crusade (1145-1149) was an extraordinarily bold attempt to overcome unbelievers on no less than three fronts. Crusader armies set out to defeat Muslims in the Holy Land and in Iberia as well as pagans in northeastern Europe. This book provides an understanding of the Crusades and their importance in medieval European history.
William Cecil, Lord Burghley (1520-1598) was Elizabeth I's closest adviser. This revealing biography shows, the driving force behind the Queen's reign for four decades. It helps us redefine our understanding of the Elizabethan period.
During Medieval times, the Black Death wiped out one-fifth of the world's population. Four centuries later, in 1665, the plague returned with a vengeance, cutting a long and deadly swathe through the British Isles. In this title, the author focuses on Cambridge, where every death was a singular blow affecting the entire community.
Proud daughter of a distinguished French dynasty, Eleanor of Aquitaine married the king of France, Louis VII, then the king of England, Henry II, and gave birth to two sons who rose to take the English throne - Richard the Lionheart and John. This title offers an account of the most important queen of the Middle Ages.
A survey of the Spanish Inquisition, that sets the notorious Christian tribunal into the broader context of Islamic and Jewish culture in the Mediterranean, reassesses its consequences for Jewish culture, measures its impact on Spain's intellectual life, and rebuts the myths and exaggerations that have distorted understandings of the Inquisition.
Relics affected everyone in medieval society. In this book, the author illustrates that the pervasiveness and variety of relics answered very specific needs of ordinary people across a darkened Europe under threat of political upheavals, disease, and hellfire. It examines an array of relics in the broad social and cultural context of their age.
Based on primary sources in both English and French archives, this biography depicts the reign of Henry V in the broad European context of the period. It concludes that through his personality the king united the country in war but also provided domestic security and solid government.
The emotional state of love, the physical act of sex, and the social institution of marriage were central issues of medieval life. This title brings together writings, informative introductions and explanations, to give a vivid impression of how love, sex and marriage were discussed at the time.
This study of the rights of women in medieval England uses as its focal point the daily activities of an early 14th-century manor house. The author argues that married women were more restricted than their widowed or single counterparts because of their status as dependents of their husbands.
Provides a starting point for researchers and students investigating the Viking settlement of Britain. This book considers the history and development of contemporary debates about Scandinavian settlement, and examines differences between rural and urban Viking settlement. It looks at the Scandinavian conversion to Christianity.
What is Medieval History? provides an accessible, far-ranging and passionate guide to the study of medieval history. The book discusses the creation of the academic field, the nature of the sources, the intellectual tools used by medievalists, and key areas of thematic importance from the fall of the Roman Empire to the Reformation.
Presents an exploration of the Dark Ages, which examines the impact of the Barbarian invasions on Constantine's Christianized empire, and the gradual emergence of a new social, economic and political order. This book discusses the Church and the Papacy, the coming of Islam, and the rise and fall of the Frankish Empire.
Gives an account for twenty years of the interaction between English and Norman traditions and institutions following the Conquest. This work shows how reform movements in the western church, increasing literacy in government, population growth and changing patterns of trade all played their part in shaping the Anglo-Norman realm.
In 1120 the wife of a Norman draper's merchant gave birth to a baby boy in London's bustling Cheapside. Despite his sickly constitution, middle-class background and unremarkable abilities, he rose within the space of thirty-five years to become the most powerful man in the kingdom, second only to Henry II himself.
A survey of the evolution of scripts and a guide to reading historical documents illustrated from a wide range of manuscripts. Each is accompanied by a commentary identifying the type of script, its historical and regional currency, distinctive features and style and a transcription.
Published to coincide with a British Library exhibition of the same name, this study explores the background and history of this artwork and symbol of Christianity. Sections examine aspects of the Anglo-Saxon world: the heritage of the people who lived and ruled and how and why this book was made.
This collection of sources demonstrates the variety of evidence that survives of English women in all walks of life from the time of Edward I to the eve of the Reformation. An overview is included of current thinking about English medieval women below the level of the greater aristocracy.
The Battle of Hastings is probably the best-known and perhaps the most significant battle in English history causing a lasting shift in cultural identity and national pride. This title explores the military background to the battle and investigates both the sources for our knowledge of what actually happened in 1066.
William Wallace of Elderslie, younger son of a country knight, came to fame through his active opposition to the aggressive imperialism of England's King Edward I. This work cuts through the myths still perpetuated today to produce a biography of Wallace driven by contemporary medieval records rather than Victorian legends.
Re-evaluating the role of the saints, taking them from their heavenly status to the human level, and examining their desire for adulation, power, wealth and legacy, the author offers a unique and discerning study of life in Anglo-Saxon England.
A study of magic in western Europe in the early Middle Ages. It is a scholarly and challenging book which makes a major contribution to the study of the Christianization of Europe. 'both significant and provocative ... a big, beautifully written and wonderfully learned book.' Times Higher Education Supplement.
Parks were prominent and controversial features of the medieval countryside, but they have been unevenly studied and remain only partly understood. Mileson provides the first full-length study of the subject, examining parks across the country and throughout the Middle Ages in their full social, economic, jurisdictional, and landscape context.
This text provides a sense of the issues that have preoccupied historians, and of the ways in which the traditional concerns of power and politics have been enlarged by growing attention to less conventional facets of the subject.
Studying European history from 300-900 AD, this textbook combines an account of the historical background of the period with discussion of the social, economic, cultural and political structures of the societies in it. It contains chapter summaries and chronologies; key topic essays discussing archaeological or documentary evidence; and more.
In many respects this book marked a radical departure from contemporary historical writings. It is neither a constitutional nor a political history, but a historical definition and explanation of the main features which characterized the three kinds of government which can be discerned in the Middle Ages.
The Ninjas are the stuff of myth and legend in comics, film and electronic games. But once they were real, the medieval equivalent of the SAS: spies, saboteurs, assassins. Could they fly? Make themselves invisible? In a journey to the heartland of the ninjas, the author takes you from their origins over 1,000 years ago, through their heyday.
Reflecting recent historical, textual and archaelogical research, this revised and updated edition of Michael Wood's classic book overturns preconceptions of the Dark Ages as a shadowy and brutal era, showing them to be a richly exciting and formative period in the history of Britain.
This second volume on the Hundred Years War traces Edward III's increasing domination of France, from the fall of Calais in 1347 up to 1369. The period is dominated by a succession of crises in French affairs of state; crises that brought it to the verge of ruin.
In medieval England, man was the ruler of woman, and the King was the ruler of all. How, then, could royal power lie in female hands? This title offers the stories of four exceptional women who, while never reigning queens, held great power: Matilda, Eleanor of Aquitaine, Isabella of France and Margaret of Anjou.
This updated and revised edition examines Spanish history during the 15th and 16th centuries. It deals in particular with the changing relationship between the Christians, Jews and Moslems, as well as the different attitudes which existed towards America, the Inquisition and the Netherlands.
In recent times it has been fashionable to disdain the reign of King Richard I. Serious historians apply differing standards to the history of Richard's reign than popular ones. This study clarifies his position and reign using modern analytical tools.