Castle studies have been transformed in recent years with a movement away from the traditional interpretation of castles as static military structures towards a wider view of castles as aesthetic symbols of power, with a more complicated relationship with the landscape.
A fully illustrated exploration of fifteen writing styles drawn from historical manuscripts. Clear examples show how the scripts were developed and used in the past and how they can be written by modern calligraphers.
1314. On a marsh-fringed plain south of Stirling Castle, King Robert the Bruce led the Scottish army in a singularly devastating victory over the English. Bannockburn was Scotland's greatest battlefield triumph, achieved against the odds by a combination of brilliant tactical leadership and the fatal overconfidence of the English King, Edward II.
For many years, scholars struggled to write the history of the constitution and political structure of the Holy Roman Empire. This book argues that this was because the political and social order could not be understood without considering the rituals and symbols that held the Empire together.
The reign of King Stephen (1135-54) has usually been seen as uniquely disastrous in the history of the medieval England. This book aims to challenge this picture and shows that much of what has been written about Stephen has been based on the selective use of the testimony of hostile witnesses.
The men and women who gathered at the Tabard Inn in Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales" are the most famous of the thousands of pilgrims who set off to the various shrines in the middle ages. This book looks at the most famous shrines, notably that of St Thomas Becket at Canterbury, and also describes the local pilgrimages and cults, their rise and fall.
Vikings plagued the coasts of Ireland and Britain in the 790s. A particularly successful viking leader named Aivarr campaigned on both sides of the Irish Sea in the 860s. This book provides a political analysis of the deeds of Aivarr's family from their first appearance in Insular records down to the year 1014.
Edward III lived through bloody and turbulent times. His father was deposed by his mother and her lover when he was still a teenager; a third of England's population was killed by the Black Death midway through his reign; and the intractable Hundred Years War with France began under his leadership.
Relics affected everyone in medieval society. In this book, the author illustrates that the pervasiveness and variety of relics answered very specific needs of ordinary people across a darkened Europe under threat of political upheavals, disease, and hellfire. It examines an array of relics in the broad social and cultural context of their age.
Offers a reinterpretation of how European civilization as we know it arose in the wake of utter chaos in Rome, France and Germany - not in the 11th or 12th century, as is commonly thought, but during the 10th. This book tells the story of this transformation from chaos to order, and explores the strange and alien landscape of Europe in transition.
A study of magic in western Europe in the early Middle Ages. It is a scholarly and challenging book which makes a major contribution to the study of the Christianization of Europe. 'both significant and provocative ... a big, beautifully written and wonderfully learned book.' Times Higher Education Supplement.
Drawing on recent extensive archival research, this book looks at the publication and survival of Magna Carta. It also tells the story of how a peace treaty between a group of barons and a medieval English king became one of the chief cornerstones of civil liberties, informing universal ideas of liberty and justice across the centuries.
Presents research on the Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Norman, Viking and Angevin worlds of the eleventh and twelfth centuries. This volume includes topics ranging from analysis of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles for the early construction of English identity, to the exercise of Norman naval power in the Mediterranean.
The Battle of Hastings is probably the best-known and perhaps the most significant battle in English history causing a lasting shift in cultural identity and national pride. This title explores the military background to the battle and investigates both the sources for our knowledge of what actually happened in 1066.
Parks were prominent and controversial features of the medieval countryside, but they have been unevenly studied and remain only partly understood. Mileson provides the first full-length study of the subject, examining parks across the country and throughout the Middle Ages in their full social, economic, jurisdictional, and landscape context.
In 1120 the wife of a Norman draper's merchant gave birth to a baby boy in London's bustling Cheapside. Despite his sickly constitution, middle-class background and unremarkable abilities, he rose within the space of thirty-five years to become the most powerful man in the kingdom, second only to Henry II himself.