Structural Anthropology (1958) not only transformed the discipline of anthropology, it also energized a movement called structuralism that came to dominate the humanities and social sciences for a generation. Linguistic structuralism studies the meaning of language beyond definitions, looking at the relationships of words and sounds to each other.
Up to the mid 20th century, generations of anthropologists had imported their own value systems into their work, regardless of where they were studying. Indigenous cultures were almost always judged to fall short in some manner - offering justification for colonization in the name of 'civilizing natives.'
Modernity at Large is an edited collection of the essays that made Appadurai an influential figure in cultural anthropology. Collectively, these not only present a theory of globalization, but also suggest ways that other researchers can follow up on the author's ideas.
Born in 1858, Franz Boas permanently changed the standards and practices of anthropology. His 1940 work Race, Language and Culture brings together a half-century's worth of ground-breaking scholarship in one volume.
Hamid Dabashi suggests that the Iranian Revolution of 1978-9 would not have taken place had it not been for the influential ideas set out by eight Iranian Islamic thinkers in the decades before it occurred.
Based on 20 months of fieldwork among the Azande people of South Sudan, Evans-Pritchard's work became the founding text in the anthropology of witchcraft. Although the book had little impact when it first appeared in 1937, its popularity grew after World War II and its influence on anthropology is still strong nearly 80 years later.
In this original and controversial 2005 book, Mahmood argues that Muslim women can show independence even while assuming traditional Islamic roles. Her research suggests that, in choosing to embrace the norms of their faith, these pious Muslims are not limiting, but rather affirming, themselves.
In The Gift (1925), Marcel Mauss elevates a simple gift from the status of innocent object to something that has the capacity to motivate people and define social relationships. The Gift analyzes cultures across the world and across time, examining the ways gifts are given and received.
American author, journalist, and activist Jane Jacobs was born in 1916 in Scranton, Pennsylvania. She moved to New York City in 1934, where she became a journalist, writing for magazines including Architectural Forum and Fortune.
An account of the conquest of the Incas by the Spanish. From the first small band of Spanish adventurers to enter the mighty Inca empire to the execution of the last Inca 40 years later, this book tells a story of bloodshed, rebellion and extermination.
Who were the ancient Greeks? They gave us democracy, philosophy, poetry, rational science, the joke. But what was it that enabled them to achieve so much? This indispensable introduction unveils a civilization of incomparable richness and a people of astounding complexity.
Describes how and why a region at the edge of Europe came to dominate and to terrorise much of the rest of the continent for nearly three centuries and how, in the end, the coming of Christianity and the growing power of kings tempered the Viking ferocity and stemmed the tide of raids.
The "Iliad" is still the greatest poem about war that our culture has ever produced. Disconcertingly, "The Iliad" portrays war as a catastrophe that destroys cities, orphans children and wrecks whole societies. This book is about what the "Iliad" is about. It is about what the "Iliad" says of war.
What does the Rosetta Stone tell us about the past? What treasures of Egyptian literature can now be read, thanks to its decipherment? What does it tell us about the history of writing and the story of our own alphabets? How do decipherments work and how can we know if they are right? This book answers these questions.
This book is a product of the community history and archaeology project 'A Town Unearthed: Folkestone before 1500' which between 2010 and 2013 investigated the ancient history of the town and its immediate area. The authors provide, for the first time, a detailed and authoritative account of Folkestone from prehistory to the Reformation.
Informed by the latest research and in-depth analysis, Prehistoric Britain provides students and scholars alike with a fascinating overview of the development of human societies in Britain from the Upper Paleolithic to the end of the Iron Age.
Prehistoric Europe: Theory and Practice provides a comprehensive overview of the wide-ranging contemporary debates in the study of European prehistory. Written to reflect the immense changes in the field, the volume presents essays by some of the most dynamic researchers and leading European scholars in the field today.
Offers an account of the developments in the search for Troy. In this title, his wide-ranging study of the complex archaeological, literary and historical records has been includes. It also details the rediscovery in Moscow of the so-called jewels of Helen and the re-excavation of the site of Troy begun in 1988.
Every year, archaeology uncovers dozens of fragments that change the way we look at ourselves. This guide covers over three million years of human development across the world - from the emergence of the first humans via the cave paintings of Lascaux to the ancient civilisation of Mesopotamia and prehistoric cultures of Siberia.
The most wide-ranging, comprehensive, and up-to-date dictionary of archaeology available. Over 4,000 entries cover artefacts, techniques, terminology, people, places, and periods. The second edition includes strong coverage of archaeological resource management and archaeological theory. An essential book for amateurs and professionals alike.
Asks questions such as: what is civilization? Did it mean the same to the Chinese, the Indians and the Greeks? What can the values of the ancient cultures teach us today? And, do the ideals of the West - a latecomer to civilization - really have universal validity? This title explores these ancient cultures, looking for their essential character.
THE ARK BEFORE NOAH: Decoding the Story of the Flood by Dr Irving Finkel is a compelling investigation of one of the most famous myths in the world - and how the re-discovery of an ancient tablet challenges our view of ancient history in a new and exciting way.
*Explores the contradictions between the literary evidence and archaeology *Questions many assumptions about the Roman invasion of Britain *Controversial and thought provoking conclusions drawn from the latest research
In the sixth millennium BC, settlers on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers created the world's first cities. In doing so, they wrote the opening chapter of the history of human civilization as we know it. Paul Kriwaczek tells their extraordinary story.
This collection of pieces from international range of contributors explores in detail the seperation of the human past into history, archaeology and their related sub-disciplines. Each piece challenges the validity of this seperation and asks how we can move to a more holistic approach.
How new is atheism? This book brings to life the origins of the secular values at the heart of the modern state. It reveals how atheism and doubt, far from being modern phenomena, have intrigued the human imagination for thousands of years.
The destruction of ancient monuments by the Taliban and the Islamic State have shocked observers worldwide. Art historian Maxwell Anderson's Antiquities: What Everyone Needs to Know (R) analyzes continuing threats to our heritage as well as a balanced account of treaties and laws, collections past and present, forgeries, and other controversial issues.
Challenges our traditionally western-focused perception of the past, connecting Greco-Roman civilisation to the great rulers and empires that swept across Central Asia to India and China - resulting in a truly global vision of ancient history.
The Antikythera Mechanism, now 82 small fragments of corroded bronze, was an ancient Greek machine simulating the cosmos as the Greeks understood it. Reflecting the most recent researches, A Portable Cosmos presents it as a gateway to Greek astronomy and technology and their place in Greco-Roman society and thought.