This book aims to address some of the aspects of primary physical education about which there is currently a dearth of high quality texts. It arises from several contextual elements that create a need for something a little different from books currently on offer. Most of these offer guidance on content and teaching skills across the activities of the National Curriculum together with supplementary information about key issues and processes, for example, assessing pupils or including those with special needs. This proposal focuses on learning about primary PE and its potential to contribute not only as a discrete curriculum subject but also across the whole curriculum and to some of the many strategies and initiatives that have been set up to enhance primary practice and achievement. Topics have been selected as the focus for the chapters in this book not only for their current significance within strategies and initiatives, but for their potential to contribute to the enhancement of the curriculum in the longer term, and particularly in the context of the recommendations of the Rose review and the imminent revisions to the primary national curriculum.