Noisy, violent and aggressive, Italian Futurism proclaimed the bankruptcy of an artistic culture that clung to the forms and values of the past. The movement was launched in 1909 by F.T. Marinetti, who was both a poet and a publicist of genius. A group of spectacular talents in all the arts, among them Carlo Carra, Umberto Boccioni, Luigi Russolo, Giacoma Balla, Gino Severini and Antonio Sant'Elia, set out to revolutionize the whole field of human culture. It was a young man's movement, not meant to last, and its work of disruption and re-creation was overtaken by war and Fascism.